The Covid-19 pandemic reversed progress in reducing child labor and child marriage, and exposed the inadequacy of state medical services in Nepal. The social protection system fails to effectively protect children from poverty and reinforces inequalities. Migrant workers face abuse in countries of employment. Successive governments have blocked accountability for abuses committed during the 1996-2006 armed conflict, while ongoing abuses by the security forces continue to go unpunished, further undermining the rule of law. Impunity for past and continuing violations and the lack of greater inclusion for marginalized communities have stalled efforts to ensure justice and security sector reform. Women and members of marginalized communities are particularly vulnerable to abuses including sexual violence, as well as deprivation of social and economic rights. The spread of diseases such as dengue linked to climate change continues to challenge healthcare.

map of Nepal