Military-backed political parties and the unelected Senate blocked the reformist Move Forward Party, the top vote getter in the May 2023 election, from forming a new government and suspended its leader, Pita Limjaroenrat, from parliament on politically motivated charges. Pheu Thai Party leader Srettha Thavisin became prime minister on August 22. The new government has not acted to reverse restrictions on fundamental rights by the previous administration of Gen. Prayut Chan-ocha, particularly free expression and peaceful assembly of democracy activists and critics of the monarchy. In fighting in the southern border provinces, both state security forces and insurgents commit serious abuses. As many as three million migrant workers from neighboring countries work and live in Thailand, and regularly face labor rights abuses, systematic harassment, and extortion from government officials and private employers. Refugees and asylum seekers, especially from war-torn Myanmar, face arrest, prolonged detention, and deportation to persecution.


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